Cyprichromis pavo Kitumba

Wild caught male - Alan Bliven

 

Wild caught male - Alan Bliven

Trade name: "Kitumba Pavo" 
Distribution: Kitumba, Zaire in Lake Tanganyika.
Max size: Males 5" females 4".
Sex differences: Adult males have the color and are slightly larger, females are beige. 
Habitat: Found in the open water close to the rocky shores in huge schools, numbering as many as 10,000.
Food: Zooplankton. Will accept small dry foods but prefers live or frozen small meaty foods in captivity. 
Behavior: A very interesting and different type of cichlid that don't look like or behave like a typical cichlid. A fast moving, intense schooling fish that likes to live in mid water without an over abundance of large rocks in which it may bump into. Not very aggressive towards other fishes but can put on a great show when courting or sparing with their own kind.
Maintenance: Best kept in in a 3'+ long tank without a lot of large rocks. Not a delicate fish but compatibility can be a problem if kept with larger more aggressive species. Make great tank mates for many of the more delicate Tanganyikans such as the Featherfins or sand dwellers. But can be kept together with many other Cichlids and even non-cichlids. Being a mid water schooling fish, they do best in a tall tank with at least six or more Cyprichromis types. But I have kept them solitary and they do fine but we will miss much of their very interesting behavior when they are kept alone.
Breeding: A polygamous mouthbrooder in which the male defends small territories in mid water. They will breed right in mid water, with the female laying a single egg at at time while the male is pressed against her fertilizing the egg. The egg drops towards the bottom and the female will quickly swim backwards and or down and pick it up before it gets a few inches from where she laid the egg and then the process starts all over again. The eggs are very large and few in number. 10-12 is considered a large spawn but they do spawn about every month or so. The fry are very large upon being released by their mother and grow fast and reach sexual maturity at about 8 months. 
Comments: From what I understand these are the first pavos brought into the states from Kitumba. Pavos get larger than the other normal sized leptosoma species. They are less aggressive than leptosoma. The colors are subtle but attractive. The males get a slight Lyretail adding to their attractiveness.



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